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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for April 1861

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Civil War Navidater
Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
Decade1800's 1810's 1820's 1830's 1840's 1850's 1860's 1870's 1880's 1890's
Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861
April 3, 1861 A "test vote" in the Virginia convention shows a 2-1 margin against secession Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 4, 1861 Virginia's secessionist convention votes 80-45 against secession. Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 6, 1861 Abraham Lincoln sends a message to Governor Pickens informing him that Fort Sumter will be reprovisioned and that if the effort is resisted the fort will be reinforced South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
  Abraham Lincoln
April 7, 1861 P. G. T. Beauregard orders all transports to Fort Sumter cut off. This ended the fort's supply of fresh food South Carolina
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Fort Sumter
April 10, 1861 Braxton Bragg assumes command of the Department of Alabama and West Florida Florida
Alabama
  Braxton Bragg
April 11, 1861 Confederates demand the surrender of Fort Sumter South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
  P. G. T. Beauregard
April 12, 1861
April 13, 1861
Beginning at 4:30 am on the 12th and continuing until the morning of the 13th, Confederate batteries along the shore of Charleston Harbor fire on Fort Sumter under the command of Major Robert Anderson. Anderson arranges a surrender with Texas Senator Louis Wigfall on the morning of the 13th. South Carolina
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Fort Sumter
  Edmund Ruffin
  Civil War Firsts
  Robert Anderson
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
April 14, 1861 During the formal surrender of Fort Sumter Private Daniel Hough dies when the cannon he was loading (for the Union's 100-gun salute to the U.S. flag) discharges prematurely. He is the first man to die in the Civil War. A second man is mortally wounded. South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
  Civil War Firsts
April 15, 1861 President Lincoln calls for 75,000 voluteers for three months service to deal with the "insurrection."
  Abraham Lincoln
April 15, 1861 Braxton Bragg places Lt. John Worden under arrest in Pensicola, Florida, making him the first prisoner-of-war in the American Civil War
  Braxton Bragg
  Civil War Firsts
April 15, 1861 Rejecting Lincoln's call for troops, Tennessee Governor Isham Harris orders a second session of the state legislature to consider the question of a secessionist convention. Tennessee
April 16, 1861 The Confederate Congress passes a Conscription Act.
April 17, 1861 Virgina Secession Convention approves the wording of a referendum of secession and calls for a popular vote to approve it. Virginia
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Virginia Ordinance of Secession
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 17, 1861 Star of the West is taken by militia aboard the Confederate Army steamer General Rusk off the coast of Texas. Texas
  Star of the West
April 18, 1861 Robert E. Lee is offered command of the United States Army Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
April 18, 1861 Troops begin to arrive in Washington, D. C.
  Washington D. C.
April 18, 1861 Federal forces withdraw from Harpers Ferry West Virginia
Virginia
  Harpers Ferry
April 19, 1861 Southern sympathizers in Baltimore cut telegraph lines and bridges to Washington, D. C. While passing through the city, the 6th Massachusetts Regiment is attacked. They open fire on a crowd. When the dust settles, three soldiers and one civilian were dead, the first casualties during fighting in the Civil War. Maryland
  Civil War Firsts
  Washington D. C.
  Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
  Maryland and Secession
April 19, 1861 Surprising most people, Lincoln calls for a blockade of Southern ports, a major element of Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan
  Winfield Scott
  Abraham Lincoln
April 19, 1861 Virginia forces take control of Harpers Ferry West Virginia
Virginia
  Harpers Ferry
April 19, 1861 Federal marshals seize records of telegraphs sent from major northern cities, leading to the arrest of southern sympathizers.
April 20, 1861 Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
April 20, 1861 Federal troops scuttle ships at the the Gosport Naval Yard and evacuate Norfolk, Virginia Virginia
April 20, 1861 Guyandotte calls for the state to approve the actions of the Virginia legislature West Virginia
  First Wheeling Convention
April 22, 1861 The Clarksburg (present-day West Virginia) Convention calls for a anti-secessionist convention to be held in May, 1861 West Virginia
  First Wheeling Convention
April 22, 1861 Maryland Governor Thomas Holliday Hicks calls a session of the Maryland legislature to consider secession Maryland
  Maryland and Secession
April 23, 1861 George McClellan appointed Major General of the Ohio militia Ohio
  George McClellan
April 23, 1861 Federal troops withdraw from Fort Smith Arkansas
April 23, 1861 Nominated by Governor Letcher of Virginia and approved by the Assembly on the previous day, Robert E. Lee assumes command of Virginia's militia Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
April 23, 1861 Virginia secessionist convention ratifies a temporary union with the Confederacy and accepts the Southern Constitution, subject to approval of the ordnance of secession Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 25, 1861 New York's 7th Regiment arrives in Washington, having around Baltimore by boat. New York
  Washington D. C.
April 25, 1861 In a daring nighttime operation Illinois troops steam from Alton to St. Louis and remove 10,000 muskets with the help of federal troops in the armory Missouri
Illinois
April 25, 1861 General Edwin Vose Sumner relieves Albert Sidney Johnston as Commander, Department of the Pacific California
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  Edwin Vose Sumner
April 27, 1861 Lincoln extends the blockade to include Virginia and North Carolina Virginia
North Carolina
  Abraham Lincoln
April 27, 1861 Virginia offers Richmond to be the Confederate capital. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
April 29, 1861 The Maryland legislature votes 53-13 against convening a secessionist convention, dashing the hopes of a sizable pro-South group, but did not vote to end the session Maryland
  Maryland and Secession
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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