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J. E. B. Stuart
Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Military
July 29, 1857 Col. Edwin Sumner attacks 300 mounted Cheyenne at Solomon's Ford in Kansas. Jeb Stuart is wounded in the attack. Kansas
  Edwin Vose Sumner
October 17, 1859 Citizens discover John Brown, 19 men (including Brown's sons Oliver, Owen, and Watson) and several hostages including George Washington's great-grand-nephew in the armory. By the end of the day Brown, his men and 9 hostages occupied the fire engine house within the arsenal. Secretary of War John B. Floyd orders Col. Robert E. Lee and Lt. J. E. B. Stuart to the town
  John Brown
  Robert E. Lee
  John Floyd
October 18, 1859 Robert E. Lee and JEB Stuart plan an attack against John Brown and his raiders at Harpers Ferry. At 6:30 am, Stuart signals Marine Lieutenant Israel Green who storms the firehouse holding the raiders and their hostages. Five of Brown's Raiders escape. The rest are caught or killed.
  Robert E. Lee
  John Brown
December 20, 1861 Battle of Dranesville Virginia
  Edward O. C. Ord
  Samuel Garland
  Battle of Dranesville
March 8, 1862 Joseph E. Johnston orders the Confederate Army of the Potomac to withdraw from Centerville/Manassas to the Rappahannock River based on reports from JEB Stuart of increased Yankee activity Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
June 12, 1862
June 15, 1862
J. E. B. Stuart "rides around the Union Army," raiding supplies and battling small groups of Yankess during the Peninsula Campaign. Virginia
  Peninsula Campaign
  Stuart's Ride Around McClellan
  John Mosby
August 17, 1862 J. E. B. Stuart assumes command of the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of Northern Virginia
October 9, 1862
October 12, 1862
J. E. B. Stuart "rides around McClellan's Army" for a second time Maryland
June 9, 1863 Battle of Brandy Station

Largest cavalry battle on American soil pitted Alfred Pleasonton [US] against Jeb Stuart [CS].
  The Gettysburg Campaign
July 1, 1863
July 3, 1863
Battle of Gettysburg

General Robert E. Lee [CS] advances into Pennsylvania where he meets George Meade [US]. First battling north of the city, by the second day Union forces had retreated south, forming a strong line as men arrived almost continuously. On the third day, the infamous Pickett's Charge marked the end of the Confederates hope for a victory

The bloodiest three days in American history
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Robert E. Lee
  John Bell Hood
  James Longstreet
  George Meade
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Lafayette McLaws
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  George Armstrong Custer
  Battle of Gettysburg
  Richard Ewell
  George Pickett
  John Reynolds
  The Gettysburg Campaign
  Early action at Herbst Woods
  James Archer
  George Armstrong Custer
  Jubal Anderson Early
October 19, 1863 In an all-cavalry battle, J. E. B. Stuart [CS] routed Judson Kilpatrick [US] in the battle of Buckland Mills (sometimes called the Buckland Races) Virginia
May 11, 1864 Battle of Yellow Tavern

J. E. B. Stuart [CS] is mortally wounded in losing to Phillip Sheridan
  Overland Campaign
  Philip Sheridan
  Sheridans Raid on Richmond
  George Armstrong Custer

J. E. B. (James Ewell Brown) Stuart

J. E. B., or more simply, Jeb Stuart was 28 when The Civil War began. Although only medium height, Stuart's body was massive, but the trait that brought him to the attention of both Joe Johnston and Robert E. Lee was his keen power of observation. During War Stuart became known for lightning fast raids, his developing ability at reconnaissance, a love of flashy uniforms and a desire of praise.

As a Lieutenant in 1859, Jeb Stuart rode out to Arlington, the Virginia home of Colonel Robert E. Lee, to inform him of a problem at Harper's Ferry. Abolitionist John Brown had commandeered the federal arsenal, and called for local slave to join him in rebellion. Stuart accompanied Lee to the White House, then by train to Harper's Ferry, then on the border of Virginia and Maryland. Stuart approached the door of the arsenal and demanded John Brown surrender. When Brown refused, Stuart waved his hat - a pre-arranged signal for a company of Marines to storm the building.

Stuart led two rides around the Union, one during the Peninsula Campaign and one before Antietam.

He briefly assumed command of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's Corps of infantry following Jackson's death at Chancellorville, by far his largest command, then returned to the saddle to completely rewrite the book on cavalry tactics over the next year. Unfortunately, Stuart was separated from Lee until late in the second day at Gettysburg.

Phil Sheridan bragged he could beat JEB Stuart, and after a run-in with General George Meade, Grant detached Sheridan and his 13,000 man "cavalry" to raid south towards Richmond. At the battle of Yellow Tavern, Stuart was mortally wounded, although Sheridan, who outnumbered Stuart 2-to-1, didn't do as well as he thought he could.

Jeb Stuart was taken to the house of an old friend in Richmond, Dr. Charles Brewer (206 West Grace Road) with a .44 caliber bullet wound, perforated intestines and bleeding from multiple arteries. Dr. Brewer told Stuart that he would not live with these injuries. Informed of her husband's injuries, Flora Stuart tried to get to Richmond from their plantation home 30 miles to the north. Torn up rails forced her to rent a buggy, and she arrived two hours after her husband's death on May 12, 1864.

Links appearing on this page:

George Meade
Joe Johnston
Phil Sheridan
Robert E. Lee
The Civil War
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Military

J. E. B. Stuart was last changed on - January 2, 2009
J. E. B. Stuart was added in 2005

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