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Irvin McDowell
Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Union Military
October 15, 1818 Irvin McDowell born, Columbus, Ohio
May 28, 1861 Robert Anderson assumes command of the Department of Kentucky. Irvin McDowell assumes command of the Department of Northeastern Virginia Virginia
  Robert Anderson
July 21, 1861 (First) Manassas (Confederate)
(First) Bull Run (Union)

About 25 miles southwest of Washington the first major battle of the Civil War pits Irvin McDowell [US] against P. G. T. Beauregard [CS] and Joe Johnston [CS].
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Manassas - First Bull Run
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
  James Longstreet
  John B. Gordon
  Stonewall Jackson
  Richard Ewell
  Samuel Garland
  Ambrose Burnside
  Samuel Heintzelman
July 26, 1861 George McClellan appointed commander, Army of the Potomac, replacing Irvin McDowell. Some sources give the date as July 27, the day he received the orders
  George McClellan
  Army of the Potomac
March 8, 1862 Abraham Lincoln, chagrined at George McClellan for not appointing corps commanders, names Edwin Vose Sumnner, Samuel Heintzelman, Erasmus Keyes and Irvin McDowell for him.
  Abraham Lincoln
  George McClellan
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Samuel Heintzelman
May 4, 1885 General Irvin McDowell dies, San Francisco, California

Irvin McDowell

Commander of Union forces at Bull Run, Irvin McDowell served as an independent commander until the formation of the Army of Virginia
Irvin McDowell
Civil War commander who rose to the rank of Major General, Irvin McDowell was in command of the Army of the Potomac at Bull Run. In spite of nearly destroying the Confederate Army during the battle, McDowell is frequently criticized for developing a complex battle plan for essentially untrained troops. Replaced by General George McClellan, and relegated to a corps commander, McDowall remained near Washington when McClellan sailed to Fortress Monroe for the Peninsula Campaign. His corps was one of five combined to form the Army of Virginia under John Pope before the disastrous Second Battle of Bull Run.

Links appearing on this page:

Army of the Potomac
Bull Run
George McClellan
Second Battle of Bull Run

Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Union Military

Irvin McDowell was last changed on - March 4, 2007
Irvin McDowell was added in 2005

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