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Civil War Timeline
Chronology for March 4

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March 4, 1824 In Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania Convention nominates Andy Jackson for President, and Calhoun for Vice-president. Calhoun subsequently withdraws from the race for President to run for Vice-President Pennsylvania
  Election of 1824
  John C. Calhoun
  Andrew Jackson
  Andrew Jackson
March 4, 1841 William Henry Harrison is inaugurated President of the United States. John Tyler becomes Vice President
  John Tyler
  William Henry Harrison
March 4, 1850 Too ill to deliver his prepared text to the Senate against Clay's plan, John C. Calhoun listens as Virginia Senator James M. Mason reads the text for him. South Carolina
  Speech by John C. Calhoun, March 4, 1850
  Compromise of 1850
  John C. Calhoun
  Henry Clay
March 4, 1855 With the state legislature divided (the northern part of the state was abolitionist while the southern half was pro-slavery) Indiana begins an almost 2 year period without a U. S. Sentator Indiana
March 4, 1857 James Buchanan inaugurated President of the United States
  James Buchanan
March 4, 1861 Confederate Convention in Montgomery adopts the "Stars and Bars" as the nation's flag
  Convention of Seceding States
March 4, 1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated President of the United States. 7 states had already seceded.
  Abraham Lincoln
March 4, 1862 Over what is generally regarded as a communication problem, Halleck relieves Grant from command and replaces him with Charles Ferguson Smith.
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Henry Halleck
March 4, 1863
March 5, 1863
Battle of Spring Hill
Battle of Unionville

Confederate Cavalry under Earl Van Dorn and Nathan Bedford Forrest drive Union Cavalry off on the 4th, then surround and engage the remaining infantry. After heavy fighting on the 5th, the Union garrison surrenders.
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Earl Van Dorn
March 4, 1864 Republican Michael Hahn is inaugrated governor of Louisiana. Louisiana
  Republican Party
March 4, 1864 The Confederate States of America adopts the Stars and Bars as its official flag
  Flags of the Civil War
March 4, 1865 Lincoln outlines his second term talking directly to the Confederate people "...with malice toward none; with charity for all..." Andrew Johnson, replacing Henry Hamlin as Vice-president gives a rambling, drunk speech. He had been given too much whiskey as medicine by a doctor.
  Abraham Lincoln
  Andrew Johnson
  Lincoln's Second Inaugural Speech [Full Text]
March 4, 1865 "Parson" Brownlow is elected the first post-war governor of Tennessee Tennessee
March 4, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated President of the United States
March 4, 1883 Vice President of the Confederate States of America Alexander Stephens dies in Atlanta. Georgia
  Alexander Stephens

Ongoing on this day:
June 15, 1864
April 2, 1865
Siege of Petersburg Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
March 3, 1854
March 4, 1854
Stephen Douglas stands his ground in the Senate as he closes debate on the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Biographers consider this to be one of his shining moments. Finally, at 5:00 am on the 4th, the Senate passes the bill, 37 to 14
  Stephen A. Douglas
  Kansas-Nebraska Act
February 28, 1862
April 8, 1862
The Battle of New Madrid / Island No. 10

After withdrawing from New Madrid Confederates control Island No. 10, blocking shipping on the Mississippi. Over 5,000 Confederate soldiers on the island surrender to Major General John Pope on April 8.
  John Pope
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