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April 12, 1861
April 13, 1861
Beginning at 4:30 am on the 12th and continuing until the morning of the 13th, Confederate batteries along the shore of Charleston Harbor fire on Fort Sumter under the command of Major Robert Anderson. Anderson arranges a surrender with Texas Senator Louis Wigfall on the morning of the 13th. South Carolina
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Fort Sumter
  Edmund Ruffin
  Civil War Firsts
  Robert Anderson
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
April 12, 1862 The Great Locomotive Chase Georgia
  The Great Locomotive Chase
  Western and Atlantic Railroad
April 12, 1862 Combining the Confederate Army of the Potomac with John Magruder's Army of the Peninsula and a large garrison at Norfolk, President Jefferson Davis creates the Army of Northern Virginia.
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Jefferson Davis
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Peninsula Campaign
  John Magruder
April 12, 1863 Siege of Suffolk

General James Longstreet surrounds Suffolk in southeastern Virginia
Virginia
  James Longstreet
April 12, 1864 Battle of Fort Pillow

Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS] defeats [US]. Following the defeat, Forrest's men massacre most of the occupants of the fort. They were black.
Tennessee
  Nathan Bedford Forrest

Ongoing on this day:
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
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